Officine Alfieri Maserati SA was founded in Bologna, Italy, in December 1914 from the brothers Alfieri, Ettore, and Ernesto Maserati. Spark plugs were the first solution of the company, and I Maserati produced the apparatus. Mario Maserati, a brother not joined to the corporation, created in 1920 the Maserati logo, modeled by the trident maintained by Neptune at a statue in Bologna's Piazza Maggiore. Before settling down together with his brothers to generate the Maserati automobile, alfieri Maserati drove race cars, a race car called the Tipo 26. The very remarkable Maserati of the 1920s was that the V4, also a 16-cylinder race car which has been clocked at 154 miles (248 kilometers ) per hour at 1929.
Alfieri died in 1932, along with also a younger Maserati brother, Bindo, combined the firm that season. The driver Tazio Nuvolari won races in 1934 and 1933, forcing the 8CM version. To the Modena industrialist Adolfo Orsi the firm was sold by the Maserati brothers in 1937 but stayed with the company for approximately a decade later. The money infusion of orsi enabled the Maseratis to keep to generate racing automobiles. The racer Wilbur Shaw drove a Maserati 8CTF, the"Boyle Particular," to success in the Indianapolis 500 in 1939 and 1940. Throughout World War II Maserati focused on the production of spark plugs but made delivery vehicles and batteries.
Following the war Maserati expanded its product line to include sport automobiles and gran turismo, or grand touring (GT), vehicles. A GT is roomier than a sports car a performance automobile and much better suited for trips. The initial Maserati GT was that the A6 500, which went into production in 1948 using a six-cylinder engine and bodywork by Battista ("Pinin") Farina of Turin. Maserati continued to build racing cars. The driver Juan Manuel Fangio won the Formula One Grand Prix world championship in 1957.
Maserati's premier sports car in the 1960s has been the Tipo 60 "Birdcage" and its successors. The car got its nickname from the appearance of its welded tubular chassis. Among the very prosperous versions of the company was a coupe that debuted in 1957, that the 3500 GT. Maserati's first Quattroporte (four-door) model emerged in 1963, along with the first Maserati Ghibli, a coupe named after an African Wind, was initially offered in 1967. Throughout the late 1960s the French maker Citroën bought a controlling interest in Maserati and place a Maserati motor in one of its cars, the Citroën SM. Under its name, Maserati started producing the Bora.
Maserati was bought by the Argentinian industrialist Alejandro de Tomaso from the mid-1970s. The Biturbo, released as a coupe with a engine in 1981 became the best selling lineup of automobiles of Maserati. A bet was bought by the Chrysler Corporation throughout the 1980s in Maserati. The Chrysler TC (Touring Coupe) by Maserati, a joint venture aimed at the American market, was released in 1989 but wasn't considered effective, and the partnership with Chrysler was resumed.
Fiat, Italy's top carmaker, obtained Maserati from p Tomaso in 1993. In about 1997 direction of Maserati turned around a rival, to Ferrari who Fiat commanded. After about 10 years' absence, Maserati re-entered the American marketplace in 2002 together with the Spyder, a convertible according to the 3200 GT coupe which was available in Europe since 1998. From Ferrari Fiat took Maserati in 2005 and booted it yet another Fiat property, together with Alfa Romeo. Maserati became the luxury brand.